Cadmium Doped Copper Containing Phosphate Glass as a Bandpass Filter for Solar Cell Protection
A glass system of composition 44P2O5-38ZnO-2CuO-(16-x)Na2O-xCdO (where, x = 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 mol%) has been prepared using the conventional melt quenching technique. XRD patterns confirmed the amorphous nature for the prepared samples. Archimedesâ€™ method was used to determine the density of the prepared glass samples then the molar volume was calculated. The optical spectroscopic investigations of the prepared glass samples were carried out over the spectral range (190-1100 nm). The transmission spectra revealed that the prepared glass samples behave as bandpass filters in the visible region. The absorption studies were employed to determine the optical band gap and Urbach energy. The spectral distribution of the refractive index assured the lowest dispersion of the glass in the visible region. Other physical parameters such as the extinction coefficient, the optical conductivity, and the complex dielectric constant were evaluated. The results suggested the practicality of employing such low-cost glass as a bandpass filter for optical applications such as UV-elimination and solar cell protection. The role of CdO as a network modifier in the phosphate glass was revealed.
J. Fuxi Gan, Lei Xu, "Photonic Glasses", World Scientific Publishing Company, 2006.
J. Ahmed, M. Lewis, J. Olsen, J.C. Knowles, “Phosphate glasses for tissue engineering: Part 1. Processing and characterisation of a ternary-based P2O5–CaO–Na2O glass system”, Biomaterials, vol. 25, pp. 491-499, 2004.
Z.M. Da Costa, W.M. Pontuschka, J.M. Giehl, C.R. Da Costa, “ESR dosimeter based on P2O5–CaO–Na2O glass system”, J. Non-Cryst. Solids, vol. 352, pp. 3663-3667, 2006.
P.K. Jha, O.P. Pandey, K. Singh, “FTIR spectral analysis and mechanical properties of sodium phosphate glass-ceramics”, J. Molec. Struct., vol. 1083, pp. 278-285, 2015.
I. Soltani, S. Hraiech, K. Horchani-Naifer, H. Elhouichet, B. Gelloz, M. Férid, “Growth of silver nanoparticles stimulate spectroscopic properties of Er3+ doped phosphate glasses: Heat treatment effect” J. Alloy. Comp., vol. 686, pp. 556-563, 2016.
S. Ibrahim, M.A. Marzouk, G.M. El komy, “Structural Characteristics and Electrical Conductivity of Vanadium-doped lithium Ultraphosphate Glasses” Silicon, vol. 9, 403-410, 2017.
R.K. Brow, “Review: the structure of simple phosphate glasses”, J. Non-Cryst. Solids, vol. 263-264, pp. 1-28, 2000.
M. Ashraf Chaudhry, Shakeel Bilal, “Concentration-dependent electrical conductivity of phosphate glasses containing zinc oxide”, Mater. Chem. Phys., vol. 41, pp. 299-301, 1995.
Y. H. Elbashar, Aly Saeed, S. S. Moslem, “Spectroscopic analysis of copper calcium phosphate glasses matrix”, NLOQO, vol. 48, pp. 41-48, 2016.
Y.M. Moustofa, K. El-Egili, “Infrared spectra of sodium phosphate glasses”, J. Non-Cryst. Solids, vol. 240, pp. 144-153, 1998.
M. Altaf, M.A. Chaudhry. "Physical properties of sodium cadmium phosphate glasses." Inter. J. Modern Phys. B, vol. 25, pp. 3503-3512, 2011.
X. Li, H. Yang, X. Song, Y. Wu, “ Glass forming region, structure and properties of zinc iron phosphate glasses” J. Non-Cryst. Solids, vol. 379, pp. 208-213, 2013.
K.A. Matori, M.H.M. Zaid, H.J. Quah, S.H. Abdul Aziz, Z. Abdul Wahab, M.S.M. Ghazali, “Studying the Effect of ZnO on Physical and Elastic Properties of (ZnO)x(P2O5)1?x Glasses Using Nondestructive Ultrasonic Method”, Adv. Mater. Sci. Eng., vol. 2015, Article ID 596361, 6 pages 2015,. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/596361.
H.M. Mokhtar, S. Saad, A. Abd El-ghany, N.H. Mousa, M. Elokr, “A Study of Electron Paramagnetic Resonance on Copper Ions on Alkali-Alkali Earth Zinc Phosphate Glass”, Amer. J. Phy. App., vol. 3, pp. 92-96, 2015.
H. Elhaes, M. Attallah, Y. Elbashar, M. El-Okr, M. Ibrahim, “Application of Cu2O-doped phosphate glasses for bandpass filter” Physica B: Cond. Matt., vol. 449, pp. 251-254, 2014.
D.A. Rayan, Y.H. Elbashar, M.M. Rashad, A. El-Korashy, “Optical spectroscopic analysis of cupric oxide doped barium phosphate glass for bandpass absorption filter” J. Non-Crys. Solids, vol. 382, pp. 52–56, 2013.
Y.H. Elbashar, D.A. Rayan, M.M. Rashad, “Protection glass eyewear against a YAG laser based on a bandpass absorption filter”, Silicon, vol. 9, pp. 111-116, 2017.
Y.H. Elbashar, H.A. Abd El-Ghany, “Optical spectroscopic analysis of Fe2O3 doped CuO containing phosphate glass”, Opt. Quant. Electron., vol. 49:310, pp. 1-13, 2017. doi.org/10.1007/s11082-017-1126-0.
R.E. Pavai, P.S. Dharsini, “Effect of Na2O on structural and thermal properties of cadmium borate glasses”, IOSR J. App. Phy., vol. 9, pp. 67-70, 2017.
C.A. Hogarth and M.A. Ghauri, The electrical properties of cadmium phosphate glasses at high electric fields, J. Mater. Sci., vol. 14, pp. 409-414, 1980.
I. Pal, A. Agarwal and S. Sanghi, “Spectral analysis and structure of Cu2+ doped cadmium bismuth borate glasses”, Ind. J. Pure Appl. Phys., vol. 50, pp. 237-244, 2012.
J. Chung, J. Kim, S. Choi, H. Park, M. Hwang, Y. Jeong, B. Ryu, “Structural, Optical, and Chemical Properties of Cadmium Phosphate Glasses”, J. Korean Ceramic Soc., vol. 52, pp. 128-132, 2015.
N. Aboulfotoh, Y. Elbashar, M. Ibrahem, M. Elokr, “Characterization of copper doped phosphate glasses for optical applications”, Ceram. Int., vol. 40, pp. 10395-10399, 2014.
C.R. Osterwald, “Degradation in weathered crystalline-silicon PV modules apparently caused by UV radiation”, in Proceedings of the 3rd World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion, Osaka, Japan, 2003, vol. 3, pp. 2911-2915.
C.G. Zimmermann, “Time dependent degradation of photovoltaic modules by ultraviolet light” Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 92, pp. 241110, 2008.
M. Tayyib, J.O. Oddenb, T.O. Saetrea, “UV-induced degradation study of multicrystalline silicon” Energy Procedia, vol. 38, pp. 626-635, 2013.
W.H. Holley, S.C. Agro, J.P. Galica, L.A. Thoma, R.S. Yorgensen, M. Ezrin, P. Klemchuk, G. Lavigne, “Investigation into the causes of browning in EVA encapsulated flat plate PV modules,” in Conference Record of the 24th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, Waikoloa, HI, 1994, vol. 1, pp. 893-896.
E. Skoplaki, J.A. Palyvos, “On the temperature dependence of photovoltaic module electrical performance: A review of efficiency/power correlations” J. Solar Energy, vol. 83, pp. 614-624, 2009.
S. Dubey, J.N. Sarvaiya, B. Seshadri, “Temperature Dependent Photovoltaic (PV) Efficiency and Its Effect on PV Production in the World – A Review” Energy Procedia, vol. 33, pp. 311- 321, 2013.
Shelby, J.E.: Introduction to Glass Science and Technology, 2nd edn. The Royal Society of Chemistry, London, 2005.
C. Dayanand, G. Bhikshamaiah, M. Salagram, “IR and optical properties of PbO glass containing a small amount of silica”, Mater. Lett., vol. 23, pp. 309-315, 1995.
V. Sharma, S. Singh, G. Mudahar , K. Thind, “Synthesis and characterization of cadmium containing sodium borate glasses”, New J. Glass Ceram., vol. 2, pp. 128-132, 2012.
A.S. Rao, Y.N. Ahammed, R.R. Reddy, T.V.R. Rao, “Spectroscopic studies of Nd3+-doped alkali fluoroborophosphate glasses” Opt. Mater., vol. 10, pp. 245-252, 1998.
S.A. Siddiqi, M. Masih, A. Mateen, “Optical band gap in Cd-Mn-phosphate glasses Materials”, Mater. Chem. Phys., vol. 40, pp. 69-72, 1995.
M. Altaf, M.A. Chaudhry, S.A. Siddiqi, “Effect of Li2O on the Refractive Index and Optical Band Gap of Cadmium Phosphate Glasses”, Glass Phys. Chem., vol. 31, pp. 597–601, 2005.
K. Subrahmanyam, M. Salagram, “Optical band gap studies on (55 – x)Na2O – xPbO – 45P2O5 (SLP) glass system” Opt. Mater., vol. 15, pp. 181-186, 2000.
Y.H. Elbashar, “Structural and spectroscopic analyses of copper doped P2O5-ZnO-K2O-Bi2O3 glasses”, Process. App. Ceramics, vol. 9, pp. 169-173, 2015.
S.K.J. Al-Ani, I.H.O. Al-Hassany and Z.T. Al-Dahan, “The optical properties and a.c. conductivity of magnesium phosphate glasses”, J. Mater. Sci., vol. 30, pp. 3720-3729, 1995.
M. Altaf and M. A. Chaudhry, “Effect of MnO on the Optical Band Gap in MnO-CdO-P2O5 Glasses”, J. Korean Phys. Soc., vol. 36, pp. 265-268, 2000.
M. Nadeem, W. Ahmed, “Optical Properties of ZnS Thin Films”, Turk. J. Phys., vol. 24, pp. 651-659, 2000.
J. Simmons , K.S. Potter, "Optical Materials", Academic Press; 1 edition, 1999.
J.I. Pankove, “Optical Processes in Semiconductors”, New York: Dover, 1975.
P. Sharma, S.C. Katya, “Determination of optical parameters of a-(As2Se3)90Ge10 thin film”, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys., vol. 40, pp. 2115-2120, 2007.
Copyright (c) 2018 JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN PHYSICS
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors retain the copyright of their manuscripts, and all Open Access articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided that the original work is properly cited.